Khash is a fatty thick soup, very common among the peoples of the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. It comes from the Armenian word "khashel" - to cook, which later passed into the languages and cultures of other countries of the Caucasus. In Armenian literature, khash was first mentioned in the works of the famous philosopher and poet Grigor Magistros back in the 11th century in the ancient form "khashou" or "khashoy". This delicious soup received its modern form already in the 17th century, "khash" is mentioned in Efimert, a medieval collection of Armenian interpretations, signs and predictions. And V. Pokhlebkin called khash "one of the oldest Armenian dishes."
This Caucasian dish remotely resembles liquid aspic, and remotely because hash has medicinal properties. For example, in the collection "Consolation for Fevers", a goat meat broth called "khashoy" is mentioned, which successfully cures colds, and is also used for "fever from worries and grief." Every khash lover knows - this dish should be eaten in those months in which the letter "r" is not in the name, so khash should be consumed from May to September, and khash is especially useful in the winter months, thick and hot, it warms the body, and soul.
There are a lot of recipes for Caucasian soup called "khash", because in each republic it is prepared according to its own recipe, with the addition of onions or bay leaves, boiling it to a thick consistency, or leaving it liquid, but the main ingredients of khash are the same everywhere - tripe, legs, tails and water. Khash is usually made from beef, but there are often recipes for making khash from pork, lamb and, oddly enough, chicken. It can be cooked both on the hearth with firewood, and in your apartment on the stove, the main thing is to decide for yourself whether you can look after the brew for a long time, because real khash is cooked for about a day. And our photos of step-by-step cooking of one of the main "highlights" of Caucasian cuisine will help you easily cope with the task and feed the whole family tasty and satisfying.
Armenians have a saying "Khash does not tolerate three things - cognac, women and toast." In the Caucasus, this fatty and hearty soup is eaten in the early morning, often before work, usually after some kind of celebration, after a wedding or noisy anniversaries. And this is understandable - the dish helps to cope with the consequences of wild fun, and also eliminates unpleasant symptoms. It is customary to eat khash with your hands, scoop up the thick with pita bread, but if you need a spoon, it will also be served to you with the dish.
In Armenia, there is also a tradition of eating khash - chopped lavash, specially prepared for this occasion, is added to a plate with broth, and they eat it, covering their heads with another sheet of lavash, building a kind of house. This, in modern living conditions, probably looks a little eccentric, now no one observes this tradition.
But the fact that only men are invited to the morning khash, however, this old tradition has been preserved to this day, do we remember what three things khash dislikes? Also, perhaps following the same saying, it is customary to serve local vodka with khash, but it is not customary to refuse alcohol, even if you then have to go to work. It's practically sacred.
There is no need to argue about the unconditional benefits of hash. It is not only useful for those who, for one reason or another, have contraindications to fatty or spicy foods, for everyone else it has only one benefit. What is the use of Caucasian khash? Firstly, when cooking bone tissue, a huge amount of calcium compounds are released, which are necessary for human bones, they accelerate the processes of fusion in fractures, but are easily absorbed.
In addition, hash contains a large amount of extractive compounds that improve the functioning of many organs in the human body, strengthen the general condition, and even improve mood. Secondly, khash is a wonderful means of dealing with a hangover syndrome, and helps the body fight the harm caused by this very alcohol. The only harm that hash can do is overeating, due to the fact that it is impossible to break away from it. Therefore, treat yourself with the right and healthy soups, but try not to overdo it!