Hummus is a snack sauce, which in our country is considered an oriental exotic. However, for residents of countries such as Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, this is quite a common, very popular and favorite snack. It is served with chips or pita, and someone just spreads it on bread. The main ingredients of classic hummus are very simple and unpretentious - chickpeas (mutton peas) and tahina (sesame paste). Each hostess adds her own “zest” to hummus, fantasizes with seasonings and spices, but the result is always a fragrant sauce of delicate consistency.
Culinary disputes arise mainly about adding or not adding olive oil to hummus. Someone believes that the oil in the sauce gives excessive fat content, and plasticity is achieved by adding the broth in which the chickpeas were boiled, and someone seasons the sauce with vegetables. Various tasty additives are in perfect harmony with hummus - fried tomatoes, pumpkin puree, pine nuts, salted cheese. How to make chickpea hummus at home? We will tell you, and our step-by-step cooking photos will become a visual aid and help you cope with the task.
There are several versions of the appearance of this dish, which is considered national at once by several countries of the Middle East. But historians agree that this dish was first mentioned in Egypt. Agriculture on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates, due to the mild climate, was very developed, legumes and grain crops grew especially well here. Grains of chickpeas were found even in the tomb of Tutankhamen, which indicates the importance of this culture even for royalty. Hummus is also mentioned in the "Iliad" by Homer in the 8th century BC, where he talks about the Greeks, and, in particular, about their diet, of course, hummus. In the I-II century AD. thanks to the flourishing trade of Rome, chickpeas came to India, from where they began their ascent and development. And relatively recently, just 15-20 years ago, hummus was recognized in Europe and became a favorite and popular cold snack.
Classic hummus made from chickpeas is extremely healthy and delicious. Chickpeas, rich in fiber, fatty acids, vitamins B, E, C, folic acid, trace elements and amino acids, make the dish useful for the human body, hummus is a pantry of useful substances. Hummus removes cholesterol from the body, lowers blood pressure, regulates blood sugar, improves brain activity, therefore it is useful for people of mental professions. It strengthens the immune system and bone tissue, and also forms the "happiness hormone" in the body - serotin.
There is only one negative point in our love for hummus - it can completely ruin the figure, as it is very high in calories, besides, cakes, chips and pitas are usually served with hummus, which increases the risk of gaining weight. So, when resolving the dilemma - to eat or not to eat, use the principle - get better and eat deliciously or lick your lips, looking at those who eat this yummy, but keep your figure.