Zhengalov hats, Armenian flatbread, translated into Russian means bread with grass - "zhengal" - grass, "khats" - bread. At its core, these are flat cakes made from unbaked yeast dough with a variety of herbs, which are baked without oil on special cast-iron sheets called "saj", without adding oil or any other fat. This dish is prepared only in Nagorno-Karabakh, in many regions of Armenia, residents do not even know what zhengalov hats is.
This is due to the fact that Karabakh is a mountainous region, and with the onset of spring, many herbs appear here, such as cilantro, parsley, young shoots of horse sorrel or garden sorrel, nettle, spinach, green onions, dill, wood lice, from which skillful housewives bake delicious zhengalov hats, which is impossible not to fall in love with from the first bite! In our step-by-step recipe for making Armenian tortillas with herbs, we will show you how to make it tasty and beautiful.
Zhengalov hats - a ritual dish. The meaning of the ceremony is to bring the whole family together in a close circle to perform an action that will unite everyone. It is also a holiday that symbolizes the arrival of spring, when everything around is renewed and blooms. First, women collect mountain herbs, wash them in the clear waters of mountain rivers, dry them under the hot sun, filling the herbs with the power of its rays. When everything is ready, the family gathers at the head's house, often the house of the grandparents. Women prepare zhengal hats and other treats, music plays, many people dance. They eat hot cakes right next to the red-hot "saj", washed down with wine.
Baked in a pan, the greens practically do not lose their beneficial properties, with which it is rich. Vitamins of groups A, B, C, E, PP, as well as iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, copper, manganese, sodium, zinc, phosphorus - the minimum set of useful and necessary components for the body. In addition, greens have the ability to improve digestion, strengthen blood vessels, cleanse the body of toxins and bile. And the red hot pepper added to the composition of greens helps to improve appetite.
Armenian flatbread goes well with no less healthy Armenian feta cheese or matsoni (sour milk) drink, which is fermented according to a special recipe and served on the table along with zhengalov hats. Armenian cakes can be used as an addition to the main dishes, and as a completely independent delicacy. They are very tasty and useful when observing Lent. They are definitely worth a try.